Monocytes are vital cells that protect the body against viral and bacterial infections, and are effective in cleaning up dead cells. However, they also play important roles in the development of diseases such as arthritis and atherosclerosis. The normal range for these cells is between 1% and 9% of all white blood cells. High values of monocytes can indicate various diseases such as infection, inflammation, and even cancer. Monocytosis, or high levels of monocytes, can also be caused by yeast or parasite-related infections, coronary heart disease, rheumatic disorder, and lung infections among others.
To detect monocyte levels, people can get a simple CBC complete blood count test that measures monocyte ratios in white blood cells, and should expect to see them between 0% and 9%. Monocyte elevation is not inherently dangerous, but the underlying condition responsible for the elevation may be serious and must be addressed. Monocyte levels are especially high in chronic infections and blood diseases, and people should see a doctor if they suspect they have these conditions.
With increased monocyte levels, people should pay attention to their sleeping patterns, as regular sleep can reduce monocyte height. Monocyte levels can also be exacerbated in people with obesity, so healthy and regular diets are recommended to combat this. In short, while high monocyte levels can indicate various diseases, it is essential to diagnose the underlying condition for accurate treatment and prevention.