Pregnancy and High Fevers: What You Need to Know
High fever during pregnancy can be a sign of infection and other underlying health issues that should not be ignored. Pregnant women are more susceptible to infections which can cause an increase in their body temperature. Therefore, taking prompt action is necessary to avoid complications. The causes of fever during pregnancy include acute upper respiratory tract infections, genital and urinary tract infections, and flu infections.
Additionally, high fever during pregnancy can be due to non-infectious reasons, such as long exposure to high temperatures, sunstroke, or factors like food poisoning and allergic reactions. Some of the symptoms that accompany high fever during pregnancy include respiratory problems, back and joint pain, trembling, runny or stuffy nose, sweating, dizziness, weakness, and headache.
The harmful effects of fever during pregnancy vary depending on the gestational week and the degree of increase in body temperature. The first trimester is the riskiest period since fevers during this time may lead to developmental anomalies and miscarriage. On the other hand, high fever in the second trimester may be linked to rare preterm birth and opening of the water bladder. In the last trimester, high fever can cause early opening of the water bladder and inflammation of the amniotic fluid, a crucial and potentially fatal disease called chorioamnionitis.
To prevent high fever during pregnancy, it is essential to eat a balanced and healthy diet, avoid crowded environments, and take vitamins recommended by a physician. Pregnant women should also avoid exposure to very hot or cold temperatures and make sure to take outdoor walks. Treatment approaches include identifying the root cause of the fever and seeking medical assistance promptly. Physicians may recommend warm showers, cold compresses, and appropriate antipyretic drugs from the paracetamol group to reduce fever.
In conclusion, fever during pregnancy needs to be taken seriously since it has the potential of causing serious complications in both mother and baby. Any rise in body temperature during pregnancy should be checked by a physician, especially if the fever persists for a long time. Early detection and treatment of fevers can significantly improve outcomes for both mother and baby.