Kazakhstan’s SCO Chairmanship: Milestones and Future Prospects

Kazakhstan Successfully Concludes Chairmanship of Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Hands Over to China

Kazakhstan, as the chair of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), recently hosted the 24th summit of the Council of Heads of State. The SCO represents more than 40% of the world’s population and contributes over $23 trillion to the global GDP, making it a crucial platform for regional cooperation and global influence.

The summit, held under the theme “Strengthening Multilateral Dialogue – Striving towards a Sustainable Peace and Prosperity,” saw the adoption of the Astana Declaration and the signing of 25 strategic documents across various domains such as energy, security, trade, finance, and information security. A significant development was the formal admission of Belarus as a full member, expanding the SCO’s membership to ten nations. Kazakhstan’s chairmanship was marked by notable achievements and strategic advancements, and the baton has now been passed to China for the 2024-2025 term.

Under President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev’s leadership, Kazakhstan’s tenure as the chair of the SCO witnessed dynamic leadership and a clear vision aimed at enhancing regional cooperation and addressing global challenges. Approximately 150 events were hosted during this period, fostering discussions on digital forums, tourism, energy, and business. These exchanges of ideas paved the way for substantial policy development and strategic initiatives.

One of the standout achievements of Kazakhstan’s chairmanship was the development and implementation of 60 new strategic documents focusing on key areas such as anti-drug strategy, economic cooperation, environmental protection, and energy development. These frameworks are instrumental in enhancing the SCO’s operational efficiency and strategic impact.

Kazakhstan’s leadership also underscored the importance of expanding international partnerships, evidenced by the revival of the Special Working Group on Promoting Investment to attract and facilitate investment flows among member states. The economic dimension of Kazakhstan’s chairmanship saw significant progress, with trade and economic cooperation among SCO member states experiencing dynamic growth.

Cultural and humanitarian initiatives were emphasized, with projects like Spiritual Shrinks of the SCO States and the SCO Silk Way international music festival fostering mutual understanding and cooperation. President Tokayev’s strategic vision for the SCO, highlighted during the summit, focused on strengthening mutual trust, security cooperation, and enhancing cybersecurity to safeguard member states’ interests.

The summit also emphasized enhancing cybersecurity and information exchange to fortify the region against digital threats. President Tokayev highlighted the need for new economic growth points and transport connectivity to foster regional trade and integration. The proposal to create efficient corridors aligns with broader regional connectivity initiatives such as China’s Belt and Road initiative, the Trans-Caspian International Transport Route, and the North-South Trans-Eurasian Corridors.

In conclusion, Kazakhstan’s chairmanship of the SCO has significantly strengthened the organization’s strategic frameworks. As China takes over the presidency, the achievements of Kazakhstan’s leadership serve as a benchmark for excellence, guiding the SCO towards greater heights in the future.



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