Early treatment in sepsis saves lives
According to a recent statement by expert Dr. Abdullah Umut Pekok, sepsis is a serious and potentially life-threatening condition that arises from the body’s overreaction to various microorganisms. It can occur when the body’s response to an infection becomes unbalanced, leading to damage in multiple organ systems.
Key risk factors for sepsis include infancy, old age, diabetes, diseases affecting the immune system, chronic kidney and liver diseases, and intensive care unit admission. Early treatment in sepsis is crucial and significantly increases an individual’s chance of survival.
If left untreated, sepsis can progress to septic shock, which is characterized by a significant drop in blood pressure and can lead to the death of the affected individual. This condition is most common in pregnant women, older adults, children under 1 year of age, and individuals with weakened immune systems or chronic health conditions.
Sepsis is usually triggered by an underlying infection, which can be bacterial, viral, or fungal in nature. It often results from infections such as pneumonia, digestive system infections, urinary tract infections, and bloodstream infections. Individuals with chronic diseases and those admitted to intensive care units are at higher risk for sepsis and septic shock. The mortality rate for septic shock is approximately 40 percent.
Diagnosing sepsis involves identifying a possible or confirmed infection, along with specific symptoms such as low blood pressure and increased respiratory rate. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are essential for improving outcomes in sepsis cases.
Preventing sepsis involves focusing on infection prevention in the community, including effective hygiene practices, access to vaccines, and appropriate nutrition. In healthcare facilities, infection prevention and control programs, along with proper hygiene and environmental measures, are crucial for preventing sepsis and other healthcare-associated infections.
Treatment for sepsis and septic shock involves aggressive management, including intravenous antibiotics and close monitoring in a hospital setting. Administering appropriate antibiotics early in the course of treatment is vital for improving outcomes in sepsis cases.
Overall, raising awareness about the signs and symptoms of sepsis, along with promoting infection prevention measures, can play a critical role in reducing the burden of sepsis and saving lives.