Mental Health Conditions Prevalence in Mongolia: A Nationwide Study
A recent study conducted in Mongolia aimed to address the lack of data on the prevalence and correlates of common mental health conditions in the country. The study focused on anxiety, depression, and brain overwork, with the goal of determining normative data on these conditions in the general population of Mongolia.
The nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 48 sampling centers across Mongolia in 2020. A total of 613 participants (190 men and 423 women) with a mean age of 41.8 ± 12.4 years were recruited for the study.
The participants completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Brain Overwork Scale (BOS-10), in addition to having their vital signs, body measurements, and lifestyle determinants assessed. The study found that 9.9% of participants reported symptoms of anxiety, 4.9% reported symptoms of depression, and 18.3% reported symptoms of brain overwork.
Furthermore, the study revealed that anxiety and depression were correlated with brain overwork symptoms, and that brain overwork was associated with young age, unemployment, low income, and alcohol use.
These findings shed light on the significant prevalence of anxiety, depression, and brain overwork in the general population of Mongolia. The study emphasizes the need for further research to develop effective interventions aimed at reducing the prevalence and risk factors of these mental health conditions. This data could prove crucial in guiding public health initiatives and policies to better address mental health in Mongolia.